almost 4 years ago

使用 $ vimtutor 來玩 vim tutorial

Lesson 1 SUMMARY

  1. The cursor is moved using either the arrow keys or the hjkl keys.
    h (left) j (down) k (up) l (right)

  2. To start Vim from the shell prompt type: vim FILENAME

  3. To exit Vim type: :q! to trash all changes.
    OR type: :wq to save the changes.

  4. To delete the character at the cursor type: x

  5. To insert or append text type:
    i type inserted text insert before the cursor
    A type appended text append after the line

NOTE: Pressing will place you in Normal mode or will cancel
an unwanted and partially completed command.

Lesson 2 SUMMARY

  1. To delete from the cursor up to the next word type: dw
  2. To delete from the cursor to the end of a line type: d$
  3. To delete a whole line type: dd

  4. To repeat a motion prepend it with a number: 2w

  5. The format for a change command is:
    operator [number] motion
    operator - is what to do, such as d for delete
    [number] - is an optional count to repeat the motion
    motion - moves over the text to operate on, such as w (word),
    $ (to the end of line), etc.

  6. To move to the start of the line use a zero: 0

  7. To undo previous actions, type: u (lowercase u)
    To undo all the changes on a line, type: U (capital U)
    To undo the undo's, type: CTRL-R

Lesson 3 SUMMARY

  1. To put back text that has just been deleted, type p . This puts the
    deleted text AFTER the cursor (if a line was deleted it will go on the
    line below the cursor).

  2. To replace the character under the cursor, type r and then the
    character you want to have there.

  3. The change operator allows you to change from the cursor to where the
    motion takes you. eg. Type ce to change from the cursor to the end of
    the word, c$ to change to the end of a line.

  4. The format for change is:

     c   [number]   motion

Lesson 4 SUMMARY

  1. CTRL-G displays your location in the file and the file status.
    G moves to the end of the file.
    number G moves to that line number.
    gg moves to the first line.

  2. Typing / followed by a phrase searches FORWARD for the phrase.
    Typing ? followed by a phrase searches BACKWARD for the phrase.
    After a search type n to find the next occurrence in the same direction
    or N to search in the opposite direction.
    CTRL-O takes you back to older positions, CTRL-I to newer positions.

  3. Typing % while the cursor is on a (,),[,],{, or } goes to its match.

  4. To substitute new for the first old in a line type :s/old/new
    To substitute new for all 'old's on a line type :s/old/new/g
    To substitute phrases between two line #'s type :#,#s/old/new/g
    To substitute all occurrences in the file type :%s/old/new/g
    To ask for confirmation each time add 'c' :%s/old/new/gc

Lesson 5 SUMMARY

  1. :!command executes an external command.

    Some useful examples are:
    (MS-DOS) (Unix)
    :!dir :!ls - shows a directory listing.
    :!del FILENAME :!rm FILENAME - removes file FILENAME.

  2. :w FILENAME writes the current Vim file to disk with name FILENAME.

  3. v motion :w FILENAME saves the Visually selected lines in file

  4. :r FILENAME retrieves disk file FILENAME and puts it below the
    cursor position.

  5. :r !dir reads the output of the dir command and puts it below the
    cursor position.

Lesson 6 SUMMARY

  1. Type o to open a line BELOW the cursor and start Insert mode.
    Type O to open a line ABOVE the cursor.

  2. Type a to insert text AFTER the cursor.
    Type A to insert text after the end of the line.

  3. The e command moves to the end of a word.

  4. The y operator yanks (copies) text, p puts (pastes) it.

  5. Typing a capital R enters Replace mode until is pressed.

  6. Typing ":set xxx" sets the option "xxx". Some options are:
    'ic' 'ignorecase' ignore upper/lower case when searching
    'is' 'incsearch' show partial matches for a search phrase
    'hls' 'hlsearch' highlight all matching phrases
    You can either use the long or the short option name.

  7. Prepend "no" to switch an option off: :set noic

Lesson 7 SUMMARY

  1. Type :help or press or to open a help window.

  2. Type :help cmd to find help on cmd .

  3. Type CTRL-W CTRL-W to jump to another window

  4. Type :q to close the help window

  5. Create a vimrc startup script to keep your preferred settings.
    For more information type :help vimrc-intro
    Look this for example : /usr/share/vim/vim73/vimrc_example.vim

  6. When typing a : command, press CTRL-D to see possible completions.
    Press to use one completion.


It is far from complete as Vim has many many more commands. Read the user
manual next: ":help user-manual".

For further reading and studying, this book is recommended:
Vim - Vi Improved - by Steve Oualline
Publisher: New Riders
The first book completely dedicated to Vim. Especially useful for beginners.
There are many examples and pictures.

← mongo note on 2014-12-03 Read vim 有趣的 slide →